However, Peter and the apostles were given stewardship of the mysteries of God. To get what Matthew 16:19 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. When we use the keys to the kingdom, we use them on behalf of the king. And whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven. This verse makes the powerful connection between heaven and earth, both realms are equally real and explicitly tied together. #5 “and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” The other important work of the church is loosening, or the ministry of release; from sickness, from demonic oppression and possession, from the bondage of sin. In specific, how does this relate to the Kingdom of Christ? Jesus presents the Keys of the kingdom to Saint Peter (detail from a painting by Pietro Perugino, 1481/82) Matthew 16:19 is the nineteenth verse in sixteenth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Active. The keys for binding and loosing are not for initiating action, but rather are for enacting things already ordained in heaven. How does the Catholic Church understand the meaning of "bind and loose" in Matthew 16:19, where Jesus says: "And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. The grammatical structure of the Greek phrase indicates that our action is less about causing something to happen in heaven, and more about making happen on earth what is ordained to happen in heaven. King James Version ... Brown, Red Letter Edition: 1,700 Key Words that Unlock the Meaning of the Bible. KJV, Word Study Bible, Leathersoft, Brown, Thumb Indexed, Red Letter Edition: 1,700 Key Words that Unlock the Meaning of the Bible. It records the words spoken by Jesus to Simon Peter. In addition, possession of these keys does not mean that the holder is a mere doorkeeper, a person who checks the … By the preaching of the gospel and prayer, the disciple of Jesus has been given authority for this ministry. Mat 16:19 - The keys of the kingdom - By the kingdom of heaven, we may consider the true Church, that house of God, to be meant; and by the keys, the power of admitting into that house, or of preventing any improper person from coming in. Breaking Down the Key Parts of Matthew 16:19 #1 “I will give you…” Jesus holds the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Jesus was directly addressing Peter, and had just made His famous statement about the Church in verse 18. Matthew 16:19. Matthew 16:19 KJ21 And I will give unto thee the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. of The person who says something can be taken as more important than what was said. Resume Prayer. In both Matthew 16:19 and 18:18, the syntax of the Greek text makes the meaning clear: “Whatever thou mayest bind upon the earth shall be having been bound in the heavens, and whatever thou mayest loose upon the earth shall be having been loosed in the heavens” (Matthew 16:19, Young’s Literal Translation). The kingdom of God or the kingdom of heaven is the rule and reign of God over everything. In Matthew 16:19, Jesus is specifically addressing Peter, so it is significant that, in the book of Acts, Peter figures prominently in the “opening of doors” to three different groups of people so they can enter the Kingdom. NIV “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”, NLT “And I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. "The keys" of it are abilities to open and explain the Gospel truths, and a mission and commission from Christ to make use of them; and being said to be given to Peter particularly, denotes his after qualifications, commission, work, and usefulness in opening the door of faith, or preaching the Gospel first to the Jews, ( Acts 2:1-47 ) and then to the Gentiles, ( Acts 10:1-48 ) ( Acts 15:7 Acts 15:14 ) and who was the first that made use of the keys of evangelical knowledge with respect to both, after he, with the rest of the apostles, had received an enlarged commission to preach the Gospel to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. #1 “I will give you…” Jesus holds the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Buy Now. "And in the morning, [It will be] foul weather today: for the sky is red and lowring. Matthew removes the possible stumbling block by the alternative phrase. They will not hear unless those with the keys, the gospel message, open their mouths and speak (Ro 10:14). I will give thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven — This expression is metaphorical. #3 “…of the kingdom of heaven;” Matthew uses the term “heaven” instead of “God” because it is more understandable to his Jewish audience who forbid the spelling out of God’s name or the full pronunciation. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. All rights reserved. Matthew 16:19 KJV And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in … We see this reflected in Matthew 16:19 when Jesus is speaking to Peter after he made the confession that Jesus is “the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Likewise, in Matthew 18:18, Jesus extends the keys of the kingdom to the disciples. This also is not to be understood of binding, or loosing men's sins, by laying on, or taking off censures, and excommunications; but only of doctrines, or declarations of what is lawful and unlawful, free, or prohibited to be received, or practised; in which sense the words, (rtwmw rwoa) , "bound and loosed", are used in the Talmudic writings, times without number, for that which is forbidden and declared to be unlawful, and for that which is free of use, and pronounced to be so: in multitudes of places we read of one Rabbi (rowa) , "binding", and of another (rytm) , "loosing"; thousands, and ten thousands of instances of this kind might be produced; a whole volume of extracts on this head might be compiled. Matthew 19 begins with Jesus leaving Galilee behind for the last time and heading toward Jerusalem. We read in Matthew 16:16-19 about the Messianic Church: “[16] And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. Here is the source of the misunderstanding that Peter will be the one at the pearly gates admitting or not admitting people into heaven. Furthermore, we already saw that the “violence” in Matthew 11:12 was caused by unbelievers. He had seen children sitting around the market place playing games of weddings and funerals. Whatever you forbid on earth will be forbidden in heaven, and whatever you permit on earth will be … The disciples, and by extension, the elders of a local church are given the authority to bind and loose on earth. Christ was complete and perfect in his representation of the Father. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it … When we use the keys to the kingdom, we use them on behalf of the king. MATTHEW 16:19. When we as his disciples carry them, they are his, we are stewards, not owners. It is often asked what is the meaning of Matthew 16:19 or what is the meaning of Matthew 18:18 since these are the two most prominent ones referenced while Matthew 12:29 and Mark 3:27 are used to backup their argument which relate to binding the strong man. Interest in the next world, of course, is plainly present in this latter expression. While Jesus’ life-style was very different from that of John, both were rejected. Matthew 11:16-19. There can be failure to acknowledge the context. Keys are the ensigns of treasurers, and of stewards, and such the ministers of the Gospel are; they have the rich treasure of the word under their care, put into their earthen vessels to open and lay before others; and they are stewards of the mysteries and manifold grace of God, and of these things they have the keys. Jesus’ optimism is based, not on any recent success, but rather on God’s gracious authority and the intimacy between Father and Son. Binding and loosing is a Jewish legal phrase giving authority to someone to determine whether something is allowed or forbidden. That it does so is a sign that the action has been ordained in heaven. Otherwise these keys belonged to them all alike; for to the same persons the keys, and the use of them, appertained, on whom the power of binding and loosing was bestowed; and this latter all the disciples had, as is manifest from ( Matthew 18:18 ) wherefore this does not serve to establish the primacy and power of Peter over the rest of the apostles; nor do keys design any lordly domination or authority; nor did Christ allow of any such among his apostles; nor is it his will that the ministers of his word should lord it over his heritage: he only is king of saints, and head of his church; he has the key of David, with which he opens, and no man shuts, and shuts, and no man opens; and this he keeps in his own hand, and gives it to none. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven By the kingdom of heaven is meant the Gospel, which comes from heaven, declares the king Messiah to be come, speaks of things concerning his kingdom, is the means of setting it up, and enlarging it, displays the riches of his grace, and gives an account of the kingdom of heaven, and of persons' right unto it, and meetness for it. And the final by Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible. Our Price: $59.99. In Matthew 18:18, Jesus spoke of binding and loosing in the context of forgiving someone who has sinned against you but will not admit it. One we can see, the other we normally cannot. To clarify the meaning of Matthew 11:18, let’s read Luke 7:33, “For John the Baptist came neither EATING BREAD nor DRINKING WINE; and ye say, He hath a devil.” John the Baptist did not partake of great eating, such as eating the finer foods. Instead, to Peter are entrusted “the keys of the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 16:19). What does Matthew chapter 19 mean? Answer: The concept of “binding and loosing” is taught in the Bible in Matthew 16:19: “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” In this verse, Jesus is speaking directly to the apostle Peter and indirectly to the other apostles. Matthew 16:19, NLT: "And I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. In verses 16-19, Jesus expresses frustration tinged with anger toward “this generation,” but in verses 25-27, his mood is optimistic and thankful. Those forcefully taking the kingdom of heaven would—as per common sense—mean unbelievers as well! Those who come in will do so by hearing and believing. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. The mission of the church is to bring people into the kingdom. O [ye] hypocrites, … #2 “…the keys…” These keys are for binding and loosing. Jesus uses the phrase in Matthew 16:19 when talking to Peter, but within hearing of the other apostles. Jesus had uttered similar words in Matthew 16:19 when discussing the divine authority He had given to Peter and the other 11 apostles of the Jerusalem Church. Proud member The deeper meaning of Matthew 16:19 is that God has provided for believers the answers they seek, as a free gift, but to receive His answers they need His revelation knowledge to pray effectively. Our Price: $69.98. After entering the region of Judea, however, Jesus and the disciples cross over the Jordan to the east, likely into the Jewish region of Perea. Matthew 11:16-19, 25-30 “Come here, come on, you can do it!” These are words every parent, and if you’re lucky, grandparent gets to say to a stumbling toddler as they learn to walk. Commentary on Matthew 16:13-20 (Read Matthew 16:13-20 ) Peter, for himself and his brethren, said that they were assured of our Lord's being the promised Messiah, the Son of the living God. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Matthew 16:19 “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”. Matthew 16:19, NASB: "'I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.'" Once again, as in Matthew 16:19, this should be understood to mean that what has been ordained bound or loosed in heaven by God will come to pass through the binding and loosing of things on earth by Jesus’ church. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Peter is not the door-keeper of heaven to let in, nor keep out, whom he pleases; nor has his pretended successor the keys of hell and death; these also are only in Christ's hands: though it has been said of the pope of Rome, that if he sends millions of men to hell, none should say to him, what dost thou? A popular view of interpreting Matthew 11:12 is to appeal to Luke 16:16. Some thoughts on today's scripture. but the keys here mentioned are the keys of the kingdom of heaven; or of the Gospel, which was shut up in the Jewish nation, through the ignorance, malice, and calumnies of the Scribes and Pharisees, who would neither embrace it, or enter into the kingdom of God themselves, nor suffer others that were going to enter into it; and through their taking away the key of knowledge, or the right interpretation of the word of God; and through a judicial blindness, which that nation in general was given up to: and this was shut up to the Gentiles through the natural darkness that was spread over them, and through want of a divine revelation, and persons sent of God to instruct them: but now Christ was about, and in a little time he would (for these words, with what follow, are in the future tense) give his apostles both a commission and gifts, qualifying them to open the sealed book of the Gospel, and unlock the mysteries of it, both to Jews and Gentiles, especially the latter. By the kingdom of heaven is meant the Gospel, which comes from heaven, declares the king Messiah to be come, speaks of things concerning his kingdom, is the means of setting it up, and enlarging it, displays the riches of his grace, and gives an account of the kingdom of heaven, and of persons' right unto it, and meetness for it. Matthew 16:19. As stewards of great families, especially of the royal household, bore a key or keys in token of their office, the phrase of giving a person the keys naturally grew into use, as an expression significative of raising him to great authority and power. There are however two specific areas of confusion that many are not aware of. Salem Media Group. Answer: Before we can answer this question, let us make sure we understand the context. All the authority that the church has, or that a Christian is conferred by God on his own behalf. To bring the kingdom rule on earth “as it [currently] is in heaven” (Mt 6:10). Jesus is describing the generation in which he ministered, as being like children. [17] Dr. Lightfoot has transcribed a great many, sufficient to satisfy any man, and give him the true sense of these phrases; and after him to mention any other is needless; yet give me leave to produce one, as it is short, and full, and explains these phrases, and points at the persons that had this power, explaining ( Ecclesiastes 12:11 ) and that clause in it, "masters of the assemblies". Markets ; marketplaces (Revised Version); for there is no thought of the children helping their elders in traffic. Question: Can you clarify the meaning of Matthew 16:19? The customary meaning of the Rabbinic expressions is equally incontestable, namely, to declare forbidden or permitted, and thus to impose or remove an obligation, by a doctrinal decision." What did Jesus mean when He talked about binding and loosing? 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