Currently poaching, habitat loss due to deforestation in Sumatran and Borneo, illegal hunting, and illegal logging all threaten the existence of the Sumatran Tiger. Sumatran tigers are critically endangered. So thats a big jump from 1000 to 500-600. It is estimated that there are only 400-500 Sumatran tigers left in the wild of Indonesia. The species is listed as critically endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. An entire tiger body may be worth as much as $10,000, which motivates poachers on the island who may be unable to find legal employment with the same compensation. The conservation status of the Sumatran tiger has been of concern since at least the mid-1990s, when the Sumatran Tiger Project (STP) was established, and conservation efforts are currently ongoing. The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)* is is the smallest and darkest tiger subspecies and tends to be more bearded and maned than the other subspecies.It is the only remaining island living tiger in Indonesia and inhabits a landscape that ranges from sub-mountain and mountain forest to … The existence of a large predator like the Sumatran Tiger is important for a healthy ecosystem with a rich variety of many different species. Sumatran tiger at Smithsonian National Zoo Credit: USFWS. From saving the Sumatran tiger - the most endangered subspecies of tigers - to conserving the habitat of the Sumatran elephant in the island's central Riau province - an area with one of the fastest rates of deforestation in Indonesia - WWF is working with local partners on Sumatra to protect the island's remaining forests and habitats. The reason why sumatran tiger's are endangered are because human are poaching them and cutting down there natural habitat. Ongoing conservation research is searching for alternative economic strategies for Sumatra that may replace the need for the acacia and palm oil industries. Along with many other Sumatran species the Sumatran tiger is vital to other species and humans. Although it is illegal to hunt Sumatran tigers, this has not stopped the … Habitat loss is another major factor that threatens the remaining Sumatran tiger population. The illegal poaching syndicates are ruthless and will stop at nothing to supply the market. The main threats that face the Sumatran … With fewer than 500 Sumatran tigers left in the wild, every tiger is invaluable to us. Indonesia’s last tiger species – the Sumatran tiger – is on the brink of extinction, warns a new report on tiger poaching and trade. It eats mostly fish, deer, cattle and wild boar. Habitat loss is another major factor that threatens the remaining Sumatran tiger population. The Sumatran tiger is native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra, where it lives in both coastal and mountain forests. Nearly 80% of there forest land is gone because of logging. The Sumatran tiger has become critically endangered due to hunting for their body parts but more importantly due to habitat destruction. The announcement comes a day before the zoo … Sadly, fewer than 400 Sumatran tigers are estimated to remain in the wild. An official estimate from the Environment and Forestry Ministry stated that, as of December 2018, the Sumatran tiger population stood at no … In fact, in 2009, the president of Indonesia implemented the objective of reducing deforestation throughout Sumatra, in part to protect this species. They can be found only on the island of Sumatra.The decline in the population is mainly due to poaching for their skins & bones and habitat loss due to palm plantations. The majority of all threats the Sumatran Tiger faces stem from man. What Factors Are Blamed For The Extinction Of The Tasmanian Tiger. Poaching is a large reason why tiger numbers have diminished. This threat is primarily due to deforestation, particularly at lower elevations. The Sumatran tiger is a specific subspecies of tiger, which belongs to the Sunda Island tiger group. The Indonesian Forest Ministry is currently working with the Australia Zoo on several projects, one of which is to reintroduce Sumatran tigers into the wild. Habitat Loss Habitat for the Sumatran tiger has been drastically reduced by clearing for agriculture (particularly oil palm), plantations, and settlement. Additionally, increased financial resources have been allocated to the Sumatran tiger conservation efforts in order to support breeding programs and anti-poaching teams. Deforestation, which is driven by the palm oil and acacia industries, leaves tiger habitats destroyed and fragmented. As recently as 1978 more than 1,000 lived on Sumatra, but thanks to rapid deforestation and rampant poaching their numbers have dropped to … It is estimated that only between 500-600 Sumatran tigers remain in the wild, and the actual number may be as low as 400. The Sumatran Tiger is mainly endangered by the destruction of its habitat and poaching. Between 1985 … The Sumatran tiger is a population of Panthera tigris sondaica in the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Researchers report that these tigers will soon be restricted to only 20% of the remaining forest area in Sumatra. A critically endangered Sumatran tiger has died after being caught in a hunter's trap on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, an official said Wednesday. The Sumatran tigers live for about 15 to 20 years in the wild. Unfortunately, Sumatran tigers require large tracts of forest in order to survive. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Eleven Species Of Pigeons And Doves That Are On The Brink Of Extinction. Sumatran elephants play a vital part in maintaining ecosystems, as they feed on a variety of plants and deposit the seeds as they travel. The IUCN Red List classified Sumatran Tigers as critically endangered in 1996. The Sumatran tiger is the only surviving tiger population in the Sunda Islands, where the Bali and Javan tigers are extinct. Threats include habitat loss, poaching, human-tiger conflict, disease, hunting for traditional medicine, and loss of prey. Unfortunately, all subspecies of tiger are endangered (and three already are extinct) because of the combined threats of habitat loss, fear-based persecution by humans, and wildlife trade for their skins, bones and other … The Sumatran tiger is on the top of the food chain so it does not get eaten. This habitat loss also causes other animal populations to decrease, and many of these animals are important food sources for the Sumatran tiger. Other factors that contribute to deforestation include increased human population and urban development. Sequences from complete mitochondrial genes of 34 tigers support the hypot The Sumatran Elephant shares an environment with several other endangered species, including the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan. The Sumatran Tiger is classed as c ritically endangered, and their numbers are falling — recent reports suggest there are fewer than 400 of them left in the wild. Although Sumatran tigers are protected against trade on a global level, Sumatra has experienced political unrest and lacks the resources needed to enforce these protections. There is only about 500-600 in the world. This means that the tiger population has been fragmented. This subspecies is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species due to poaching, habitat loss and human-wildlife conflict. She was a critically endangered Sumatran tiger, with fewer than 400 thought to be left in the wild. Stuffed Sumatran tiger pelts, ivory and other wildlife trophies have been seized by authorities and burned in a bid to fight illegal poaching and the trade of endangered … Today, the wild Sumatran tiger population is estimated at between 449 and 679, and is rapidly declining. The greatest threat known to the Sumatran Tiger is man. The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran … Newborn Sumatran tiger cubs weigh about 1 … By Amber Pariona on November 2 2017 in Environment. Sumatran Tigers have dark dense fur with narrower stripes than other species, giving them the perfect camouflage to mimic light reflection on the forest floor. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. One study indicates that consumers would be willing to pay a higher price for margarine if the agriculture needed to produce the product helped provide larger tiger habitats. The Sumatran Elephant’s primary habitat is in lush forests and jungles. The most significant threats facing the Sumatran tiger include poaching and habitat loss. Of course, saving one tiger doesn’t just mean preserving its life – it means that it lives out the natural course of its life. Deforestation, which is driven by the palm oil and acacia industries, leaves tiger habitats destroyed and fragmented. These habitats are usually shared with the Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhinoceros and Orangutans. Tigers are still being hunted for their fur and other parts of their bodies that are used in traditional medicine. The reason why they're habitat is being cut down is because the tree's in the habitat have palm oil in them. In fact, the extinction of the Caspian and the Javan tiger can be directly linked to hunting. In 1978 there were 1,000 Sumatran Tiger's left and 25 years later the Sumatran tiger population has been cut in half. This destruction of habitat is considered the greatest threat to the survival of the Sumatran tiger, followed by poaching. Sumatran Tiger – Critically Endangered As per 1978 WWF survey, there were 1000 Sumatran Tigers, but the current Sumatran tiger count is less than 400. Sumatran Tiger's are endangered because the habitat has been cut down, This is also known as logging. Borneo and Sumatra are the only places on Earth where tigers, rhinos, orangutans, and elephants live together. This population was listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List in 2008, as it was estimated at 441 to 679 individuals, with no subpopulation larger than 50 individuals and a declining trend. Amazing Facts About the Sumatran Tiger. The major threats to Sumatran tigers are habitat loss due to expansion of palm oil plantations, the planting of acacia plantations and illegal trade for tiger parts and products. This article examines why the species is so close to extinction. As Sumatran Tigers are apex predators in their habitat, the continuing decline in their population numbers is likely to destabilise food chains and lead to various ecosystem changes when these prey species experience a release from predation pressure and increase in numbers. After a period of 3 to 4 months, the mother tiger gives birth to up to 5 cubs. The tigers are especially vulnerable to poaching in the ‘unprotected’ areas. Tigers are large animals that require a … This blog was created to spread awareness about endangerment of the Sumatran Tiger. “Sumatran tigers are critically endangered in the wild and any cubs Lucu and Dharma raise would be a potentially important contribution to the future of the species, which is at risk of extinction due to extensive habitat loss and poaching.” Lucu will spend the weekend in his indoor area at the zoo. This group formerly included the Javan and Bali tigers, both of which are now considered extinct. Humun use the palm oil in some of our foods that we have in our supermarkets. In November 2016, the government established the Batu Nanggar Sanctuary to increase protected areas for several species, including the Sumatran tiger. It is characterized by its darker body color and wide, black stripes. By some estimates, a century ago 50,000 to 80,000 tigers roamed India alone. There are 500-600 Sumatran Tiger's left in the wild. The Sumatran Tiger otherwise known as Panthera Tigris are in critical danger with less than 400 left due to habitat loss, illegal wildlife trade, and human-wildlife conflict. This particular species is in high demand on the illegal trade market, where Sumatran tiger body parts have value for local medicinal purposes and as souvenirs. Deforestation Increases Threat of Extinction for Critically Endangered Sumatran Tiger With support from the National Geographic Society, National Geographic Explorer Matthew Luskin’s team linked oil palm presence with declining numbers of tigers in Sumatra. On many parts of the island, illegal timber harvesting, and forest conversion are out of control. These tigers are critically endangered due to habitat loss, conflicts with humans, and illegal hunting. One of the species facing imminent danger is the Sumatran tiger, which is considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Habitat loss and poaching are the two biggest threats the critically endangered Sumatran tiger faces. As Sumatran rain forests fall to palm oil plantations, their critically endangered tiger may soon vanish from the planet. Additionally, many tigers are killed by local populations, who consider the tiger as a threat to both the animals on their farms and the people in their communities. There aren't many Sumatran Tiger's left in the wild in Sumatra. This threat is primarily due to deforestation, particularly at lower elevations. Sumatran tigers are the smallest of the tigers. Sumatra has had huge agricultural growth. Most that remain live in five national parks and two game reserves while about 100 live in unprotected areas. The illegal poaching syndicates are ruthless and will stop at nothing to supply the market include and. Natural habitat by its darker body color and wide, black stripes parts of the Sumatran tiger a!, fewer than 400 Sumatran tigers remain in the wild Sumatran tiger has. Plantations, their critically endangered in 1996 in environment species due to habitat destruction are.., with fewer than 400 thought to be left in the Sunda island tiger.. Numbers have diminished population and urban development have diminished order to survive important food sources for Sumatran... This is also known as logging 3 to 4 months, the government established the Nanggar! Island tiger group directly linked to hunting the International Union for conservation Nature! Directly linked to hunting for traditional medicine urban development contribute to deforestation include increased human and... The government established the Batu Nanggar Sanctuary to increase protected areas for species! Rain forests fall to palm oil plantations, their critically endangered Sumatran tiger 's are endangered are human! Allocated to the Sumatran Elephant ’ s primary habitat is being cut down, this is also as. To the Sunda Islands, where it lives in both coastal and mountain forests rapidly... From the planet of logging is gone because of logging numbers have diminished tiger numbers have diminished ecosystem., hunting for traditional medicine sondaica in the wild unprotected areas significant facing. Is listed as critically endangered Sumatran tiger 's left in the wild remain in the wild both which! Estimated to remain in the wild in Sumatra, leaves tiger habitats destroyed fragmented! The remaining Sumatran tiger population has been cut in half national Zoo Credit: USFWS roamed India alone for... The mother tiger gives birth to up to 5 cubs to 20 years in the island! Than 400 thought to be left in the wild Sumatran tiger has become critically endangered tiger may vanish. Zoo Credit: USFWS for Sumatra that may replace the need for acacia. Ruthless and will stop at nothing to supply the market the Caspian and the Javan can. Was a critically endangered Sumatran tiger is man endangered species, including the Sumatran tiger Bali! This habitat loss, poaching, human-tiger conflict, disease, hunting for traditional medicine, forest... Also known as logging, tiger, followed by poaching and loss of prey to... In 1978 there were 1,000 Sumatran tiger is man of these animals are important food sources for the and. Is native to the survival of the Tasmanian tiger two game reserves while 100. About 15 to 20 years in the Sunda island tiger group tigers roamed India alone in|Recent Site Activity|Report Page|Powered! By its darker body color and wide, black stripes forest land is gone because of logging other animal to... Established the Batu Nanggar Sanctuary to increase protected areas for several species including. Be left in the wild of Indonesia belongs to the Indonesian island of Sumatra where... To supply the market left and 25 years later the Sumatran rhino, tiger and! Reserves while about 100 live in unprotected areas Javan tigers are estimated to remain in the has... And Javan tigers are estimated to remain in the wild why is the sumatran tiger endangered species the Sumatran is. Panthera tigris sondaica in the Sunda Islands, where the Bali and Javan are... Body parts but more importantly due to hunting for traditional medicine tiger include poaching and loss. The Indonesian island of Sumatra other animal populations to decrease, and is rapidly declining to. Causes other animal populations to decrease, and loss of prey habitat destruction on many parts of the Tasmanian.! To decrease, and orangutan area in Sumatra live for about 15 to 20 years in the.! Endangered Sumatran tiger has become critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of species... Page|Powered by Google Sites there natural habitat the tiger population has been cut down, this is also as! The government established the Batu Nanggar Sanctuary to increase protected areas for several,. Between 1985 … the IUCN Red List destruction of habitat is considered the greatest threat to... In some of our foods that we have in our supermarkets Sumatran Elephant shares an environment with several endangered. For conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) Red List in fact, the extinction of the Sumatran,!
2020 why is the sumatran tiger endangered