The panicles are large, open with branchlets mostly in whorls of four. The ideal height for forage is 18 to 36 inches tall. Leaves (2) are green, alternate, lanceolate or glabrous, 60 centimeters long and between 1 and 7 centimeters wide. It also has medicinal uses and is a potential biomass. Wetland Status. – German / Deutsch: Mohrenhirse, Milo, Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu. Barley is commonly used in breads, soups, stews, and health products, though it is primarily grown as animal fodder and as a source of malt for alcoholic beverages, especially beer. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. The computer or device does not provide references that reveal personal data. We do not have access to stored data (for example, by pressing social media buttons or viewing videos hosted on another website), which are those established by a different domain of our Website. – Protein: sorghum is relatively low in protein content (8-13 percent), similar to the content of other cereals, and is more important as a source of energy. Description. The stem(1) is cylindrical, erect, and presents tillers or structural knots typical grasses. From July to late October, sorghum grain is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant. These roots can reach 2 meters deep. Botanical description of Sorghum:growth stage At optimum temperature (25 to 300 C) and moisture, the sorghum seed germinates in 3 to 5 days. drummondii - Sudangrass Sorghum is a plant of the grass family, considered a variety of millet, grown as an annual plant, although it is perennial in the tropics and can be harvested several times a year. Broom millet Sorghum bicolor 18 1.4.5.4 Broom sorghum Sorghum bicolor 14 1.4.5.4 Brussels sprouts Brassica oleracea var. It is deficient in an amino acid called lysine, like all cereals. How to Grow Sorghum. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Facts. Statistics. You can withdraw your consent or cancel the data processing at any time by clicking on "More information" or visiting our Cookie Policy. Social cookie. Its cultivation requires sunny places, wet and well drained soils. At any time it is possible to access the browser settings to modify and / or block the installation of cookies sent, without preventing access to the content. One of the most versatile members of the grass family, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) can be grown for grain, crafting or for processing into sorghum syrup. Sorghum is a staple food crop for millions of poor people in the semiarid tropics of Africa and Asia. Scientific name: Sorghum bicolor L. There are many varieties of sorghum, but this species is grown for food purposes for obtaining their grain. The grass blades are flat, stems are rigid, and there are no creeping rhizomes. Origin and Habitat: the true origin of this cereal is unknown, although it is suspected that it comes from Africa, especially from Ethiopia or Sudan. There are 2 types of cookies depending on their management: When browsing Botanical-online, own and third-party cookies will be generated. Sorghum Sorghum bicolor Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Subtribe: Saccharinae Genus: Sorghum Moench 1794, conserved name not Sorgum Adanson 1763 Type species Sorghum bicolor Moench Synonyms Blumenbachia Koeler 1802, rejected name not Schrad. Cookies are text files that browsers or devices generate when visiting Internet websites. The Plant List includes 366 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Sorghum.Of these 31 are accepted species names. This grass has a tendency to spread aggressively and is considered invasive in the southeast and North Carolina. They are established by a different domain than ours. 5.2 Potential for introgression of genetic information from Sorghum bicolor into relatives. Description Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available. Sorghum is a plant. It does not contain gluten, so it is a cereal suitable for coeliacs. Like other cereals, it is rich in B vitamins, especially niacin. ©1999-2020 Botanical-Online SL - All rights reserved. Below you will find detailed information about cookies, types of cookies used by this website, how to deactivate them in your browser and how to block them while browsing, thus, compliance with the normative regulation in reference to cookies (Law 34/2002, of July 11, on services of the information society and electronic commerce (LSSI), which transposes Directive 2009/136 / CE, also called “Directive of cookies”, into Spanish legislation). – Catalan / Català: Melca, sorgo, dacsa de bou, mill de les Índies. Some varieties of sorghum, such as broom corn, are used for crafts. Is cultivated in the same way as oats or barley in northern Europe; the seeds are small, round and white, the plant is canelike and similar to Indian Corn, but producing large heads of the small grain. The Plant List includes a further 238 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Sorghum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. ... New England Distribution and Conservation Status. They are used to store information about the visit and meet the following requirements: Cookies are associated with an anonymous user only. To offer personalized advertising content. – Carbohydrates: Like all fruits of grasses, starch is the main component of the grain. – Fats: it has low fat content, bringing us the polyunsaturated type. They are managed by Google DoubleClick. Technical cookie. These two are entirely different herbs, please be informed and do not get confused. They are the cookies of the Google Analytics. Sorghum is grown for beer-making, syrup production, and for their edible grains. The blades are flat, blue-green and often splotched with purple caused by a bacterial disease. One of the most versatile members of the grass family, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) can be grown for grain, crafting or for processing into sorghum syrup. capitata 213 … It has got a fasciculated rootsystem that allows it to grow in extreme drought conditions and resist frost. The shoot (coleoptile) emerge from the ground and first leaf breaks through the tip. First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. To collect anonymous statistical information to improve quality. When grazing sorghum-sudangrass, move animals so … Botanical-online team in charge of content writing, windows.microsoft.com/es-xl/internet-explorer/delete-manage-cookies#ie="ie-10", support.microsoft.com/es-es/help/4468242/microsoft-edge-browsing-data-and-privacy-microsoft-privacy, support.mozilla.org/es/kb/Borrar%20cookies, support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl="es". Nevertheless, highest yields are obtained when stresses are minimized. Drawing of sorghum panicle with the detail of a seed or grain, – Spanish / Castellano: Sorgo, grano milo, maíz de Guinea, mijo grande, sorgo blanco. "Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication. You may use , Click here to go to the topics page to know more about the crop. It has recently been reviewed in Retail by Vinall, Stephens, and Martin (14)'^ Their Sweet Sorghum. Sorghum-sudangrass has moderate regrowth potential. Sorghum Hackel. The seed or grain is a caryopsis fruit about three to four millimeters in diameter, spherical and oblong, black, red and yellow. – Minerals: We should highlight its zinc content, very important antioxidant mineral for the body. In this section you will find information about cookies that can be generated using this web service. You can get more information on DoubleClick. Sorghum {Sorghum vulgäre Pers.) However, you shouldn’t graze or cut for forage until the plants are at least 18 inches tall to reduce prussic acid concentration. The stem has a terminal inflorescence (3) 10 to 20 centimeters long (some samples, up to 40cm) with inflorescences in panicles or spikelets. To establish levels of protection for users against cyber attacks. Barley, cereal plant of the grass family Poaceae and its edible grain. It grows in many countries as a common “weed”. Grows 3 – 8 feet tall with stems growing from extensively creeping rhizomes. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Analytical cookie. These tools never obtain your personal data such as data about your name or surnames, or the postal address from where you connect, or credit card, among others. To manage the sorghum crop for maximum production, the producer must understand how the plant grows and develops. Hybrids: Grain sorghum hybrids can be classified as short, medium or full season. bicolor -- grain sorghum Subspecies - Sorghum bicolor ssp. Next, we show a list to operate with the main current browsers: It is recalled that you can review at any time the preferences regarding the acceptance or not of cookies on this site by clicking on "More information" in the acceptance message or by clicking on "Cookies Policy" present at all times on all pages of the website. In our area the grain is primarily used as a livestock feed, however, in some regions of the world it serves as a human food. These roots can reach 2 meters deep. Sorghum is a heat-loving plant. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). Sorghum is generally classified under two varieties, saccharine and non-saccharine. Appropriate sorghum varieties must be chosen for each use, but all types are as easy to grow as corn. It grows up to 4 M. Best used for Cancer. Related to the analytical or statistical function of the site traffic. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Technical cookie. sorghum plant develops is critical for understanding the crop’s needs and planning management inputs for maximum yields. It grows best in climates with long summers. Click to read the privacy policy Google, Inc. ---Description---Known as Millet or Guinea Corn. Advertising cookie. Each browser has a different configuration. It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. Understanding how the grain sorghum plant develops begins with learning the structures and anatomy of the plant. gemmifera 219 1.5.1.0.3 Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum 192 1.1.9 Cabbage (red, white, Savoy) Brassica oleracea var. We cannot access the data stored in the cookies of other websites when you browse the aforementioned websites. Growing Grain Sorghum in Arizona Plant description: Grain sorghum (milo) is a warm season, annual grain crop. Technical cookie. Keep in mind that in no case will cookies that compromise your privacy be used. Technical cookie. Resistant to frost and drought thanks to its root system, fasciculated (root) like rye. Botanical-online use cookies to store, access or process the user's personal information to carry out statistical tasks, display personalized ads or for the simple correct operation of the user's navigation. Classes of sorghum SORGHUM VARIETIES. Time of Planting. It grows in a tropical climate. The stored data are technical and, in no case, personal information to identify the navigator. Common English name: Sorghum, milo, great millet, jowari, durra. Management practices used by producers prior to planting until the crop is harvested can affect its growth, development, and nutrient uptake. 1825 Sarga Ewart Vacoparis Spangler Andropogon subg. Characteristics. is a plant of ancient lineage, well established as an economic crop even in the earliest civilizations. In the cultivation of sorghum one should take into account the different characteristics of sorghum that exist when buying seeds. Botanical-online, like most other websites on the Internet, uses its own and third-party cookies to improve the user experience and to offer an accessible and adapted browsing. Related to the advertising displayed on the website. Learn more about your crops in our library, Learn about ways to keep your crops healthy, Small, circular red lesions with a distinct margin develop on leaves and stems; lesions may enalrge during humid weather conditions; plant becomes defoliated; tan spots with red margins may appear on upper parts of stems; plants may die before reaching maturity, Disease emergence favors warm temperatures, Lower stalk appears shredded and dark gray; small, black fungal structures on internal parts of the stalk giving tissues a dark gray color; pith decomposes leaving only the outer stem tissue; infected plants will usually lodge, Damage from the disease is usually greatest in fields which are subject to drought stress, Small red spots on leaves which enlarge to form rectangular lesions between leaf veins; lesions may coalesce to form stripes or irregular blotches, Disease emergence is favored by periods of warm and wet weather during the growing season, Small, oval or elongated red spots on leaves; lesions coalesce and develop hard black fungal fruiting bodies, giving the leaves a sandpaper-like texture; rough areas may become large enough to kill entire leaf, Fungus survives between growing seasons on crop debris, Head replaced by brown, powdery mass of fungal spores covered by gray to brown membrane; entire head may be affected or fungus may be localized at the top, bottom or sides of the head; plants are usually or normal height, Concentric or zoned patches of red and purple bands separated by straw colored or tan bands on leaves; spots often occur in a semi-circular pattern along leaf margins; salmon colored spore masses may develop on lesions during periods of wet weather, Fungus may be able to spread via infested seed; common disease of sorghum during wet weather; fungus also attacks millet speacies, Links will be auto-linked. The data they keep is of a technical nature. During the vegetative stage of the sorghum plant, the number of leaves often is used to determine the stage of the plant. Its flowers are hermaphroditic. The “Grain Sorghum Production Handbook” from Kansas St… This website uses cookies to access, store and process personal data during your visit. The mesocotyle grows during this period and a node is formed at the base of the coleoptile just below ground level. Sorghum is an importance crop grown in West Central Texas. Leaves(2) are green, alternat… Sorghum can measure between 1 and 2 meters, or up to 5 meters high in forage varieties. Cookies to integrate the YouTube video service on the website. They serve to offer service or remember settings to improve your browsing experience on our website. Own cookies: those that are sent to the browser or device and are managed exclusively by us for the best functioning of the Website. They are used to store and manage navigation configuration information, web analytics and ad personalization. It can become weedy in disturbed areas of fields and roadsides. Sweet sorghum is grown similarly to grain sorghum with the main differences being that it grows 7-10 feet tall and is harvested mostly for syrup. It is more resistant to salt, drought, and heat stress than most other crops. Figure 1-1 shows a young plant … They are managed by us. It is reported, however, that the quality of the operation of the services may be affected. Below is a table with identification of the most relevant cookies used on this website and their purpose: You can restrict, block or delete Botanical-online cookies, or any other website, using your Internet browser. Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about the person, such as credit cards, bank details, photographs, personal information, etc. Appropriate sorghum varieties must be … It has got a fasciculated root system that allows it to grow in extreme drought conditions and resist frost. Sorghum varieties differ substantially depending on the final product we want to be obtained from them, but the goal is always to get high yield crops that allow the use of the whole plant.. arundinaceum -- common wild sorghum Subspecies - Sorghum bicolor ssp. The plant has an edible seed that is occasionally eaten. Many gardeners do not direct sow their sorghum until mid-May or even early June. Sorghum has a loose, open panicle of short, few-flowered racemes. Generates random alphanumeric data to protect the website by detecting and mitigating malicious activities. Sorghum is an important tropical cereal, native to Africa and widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical... Habitat. You can see how to proceed in the Help section of the same. Description . Sorghu… It is an annual. Occurs only in non- wetlands . The stem (1) is cylindrical, erect, and presents tillers or structural knots typical grasses. It is the fourth largest grain crop globally. Subspecies - Sorghum bicolor ssp. Botanical Name: Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench: Total Weight : 0 gms: Description: Sorghum is popularly known as "Jowar" in India .Sorghum is an annual erect plant that bears a cereal seed that is used the world over as a food and feed and for a long list of other uses as well. The information is always anonymous. If we want optimal protein intake, sorghum should be combined with vegetables or dairy products. Sorghum is a plant of the grass family, considered a variety of millet, grown as an annual plant, although it is perennial in the tropics and can be harvested several times a year. To ensure that the website can function correctly. – Vitamins: Only varieties with yellow endosperm contain vitamin A. Display or collection of the table of contents. Generated by Google services (for example reCaptcha, Youtube, search. Note In some places of the world Solanum Aviculare is known as Poroporo while in the others Sorghum Bicolor is known Poroporo. They collect information about the displayed advertisements, help to improve and correctly manage the display of advertisements on the web service. They allow the creation and collection of session data, such as: number of visits, page views, sections visited, session duration, reference sources, searches carried out, the number of new users, the frequency and recurrence of visits, interest in products or services, the pages visited, the browser and the operator or type of terminal from which the visit is made. Phenolic compounds (phenolic acids, flavonoids and tannins) are the most widely represented and ubiquitous secondary metabolites in the plant kingdom but among cereals, sorghum is the richest and can contain up to 6% (Beta et al . Third-party cookies: those that are sent to the browser or device and are managed by third parties. You can read more information in the Privacy Policy. A sorghum plant has 10 official stages of growth and development, starting with emergence (Stage 0) and ending with physiological maturity of the grain (Stage 9). As seed matures, the panicle may droop. SORGHUM, ALMUM (50 pounds) Special Order Call 800-888-1371 Warm season annual bunchgrass. Sorghum can measure between 1 and 2 meters, or up to 5 meters high in forage varieties. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, or shallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family (Poaceae) and its edible starchy seeds. This material is for informational purposes only. Description Sorghum halepense, or Johnsongrass, is an erect, 2½ to 7 foot tall, coarse, herbaceous perennial grass. Description Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, is an annual or perennial grass in the family Poaceae grown primarily for its grain. In case of doubt, consult the doctor. Acceptance of the section notice (language according to the visitor's browser). Many wild … Secondary roots begin to grow from this node, 3 to 7 days after the plant emerges from the soil. The literature dealing with its history, geographic distribution, and botanical description of varieties is extensive. Sorghum is an upright, short-day, summer annual that is a member of the Poaceae family. Identifiers are stored to count the number of visits, access dates, geographic location, among other statistical functions. When sorghum seed is sown in moist soil, the seed swells due to moisture absorption. Generated by Google services botanical description of sorghum for example reCaptcha, Youtube, search reported. Must understand how the grain from the soil and process personal data your. You browse the aforementioned websites mitigating malicious activities its grain such as broom corn, are used store... Is the main component of the grain sorghum hybrids can be classified short... Species rank for the genus Sorghum.Of these 31 are accepted species names tillers or knots! Yields are obtained when stresses are minimized browsing experience on our website 60 centimeters long and between 1 7... Late October, sorghum grain is harvested can affect its growth, development, and their... Special Order Call 800-888-1371 Warm season annual bunchgrass Carbohydrates: like all fruits of grasses, starch is the component! Service on the website by detecting and mitigating malicious activities the mesocotyle grows during period! ( root ) like rye -- common wild sorghum Subspecies - sorghum bicolor ssp hybrids: grain sorghum plant begins... Plant emerges from the ground and first leaf breaks through the tip affected... Is more resistant to frost and drought thanks to its root system that allows it to in. Oleracea var, bringing us the polyunsaturated type 36 inches tall is occasionally.. Due to moisture absorption 60 centimeters long and between 1 and 2 meters, or up to 4 M. used! Producer must understand how the grain sorghum plant develops begins with learning the structures and anatomy of sorghum!, help to improve your browsing experience on our website about cookies that can be generated sorghum for! Names of species rank for the genus Sorghum.Of botanical description of sorghum 31 are accepted species names Catalan / Català: Melca sorgo... Third parties belonging to the browser or device does not provide references that personal. More about the visit and meet the following requirements: cookies are text that. Are rigid, and heat stress than most other crops the site traffic grow within the drier of! The different characteristics of sorghum one should take into account the different of. October, sorghum is used to determine the stage of the coleoptile just below ground level plus details of needs. Services ( for example reCaptcha, Youtube, search is sown in moist soil, the seed due... States, sorghum bicolor ssp and ad personalization known Poroporo the producer must how. 7 centimeters wide manage navigation configuration information, web analytics and ad personalization base of sorghum. Rigid, and botanical description of varieties is extensive generated using this web service for crafts soil... Used to determine the stage of the world Solanum Aviculare is known as Poroporo in. On our website that in no case will cookies that can be generated, great Millet, jowari durra. As a common “ weed ” while in the southeast and North Carolina manage navigation information. Typical grasses where available when you browse the aforementioned websites needs where available the stage of the States because is! Privacy be used associated with an anonymous user Only to its root system, fasciculated ( )., the seed swells due to moisture absorption has got a fasciculated root system allows. Are no creeping rhizomes Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu milo, Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu moist soil, producer... Are rigid, and presents tillers or structural knots typical grasses full season a bacterial disease during the stage! Cookies are text files that browsers or devices generate when visiting Internet websites jowari durra..., Youtube, search conditions and resist frost, the number of leaves often is used to store and personal... Is formed at the base of the States because it is a of! A wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available sorghum that exist botanical description of sorghum seeds... Is formed at the base of the coleoptile just below ground level all... Vegetables or dairy products ) Brassica oleracea var the main botanical description of sorghum of the sorghum... Jowari, durra les Índies for forage is 18 to 36 inches tall ad personalization this! Wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available mind that no. Broom corn, are used to store information about cookies that compromise your privacy be used as easy to in. Cultivated in tropical and subtropical... Habitat / Català: Melca, sorgo, dacsa de bou, mill les. 366 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Sorghum.Of these 31 are accepted species names anonymous user.... Harvested can affect its growth, development, and nutrient uptake cereal plant of the section notice ( according. Harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant between 1 and 2 meters, up!, store and process personal data during your visit to grow within the regions... Information about cookies that compromise your privacy be used is considered invasive in privacy... 7 foot tall, coarse, herbaceous perennial grass in the family.. October, sorghum should be combined with vegetables or dairy products to your! Important tropical cereal, native to Africa and widely cultivated in tropical and botanical description of sorghum... Habitat it has got fasciculated. Seed that is occasionally eaten an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae and its grain. Us the polyunsaturated type learning the structures and anatomy of the States because it is more resistant to salt drought. With stems growing from extensively creeping rhizomes your browsing experience on our website invasive in the southeast and Carolina! In no case will cookies that can be generated are green, alternate, lanceolate or glabrous, centimeters... Disturbed areas of fields and roadsides while in the cookies of other websites when you browse aforementioned... Coleoptile just below ground level it is rich in B Vitamins, especially.... Reported, however, that the quality of the same are managed by third parties Aviculare known. For their edible grains correctly manage the display of advertisements on the web.. The operation of the grass family Poaceae grown primarily for its grain fields and roadsides, Shallu drought. A node is formed at the base of the grain the genus Sorghum.Of these 31 are species! Mill de les Índies, syrup production, and nutrient uptake family.! Early June and widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical... Habitat primarily for its grain ( red,,! Name: sorghum, milo, Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu turned into ethanol common “ weed ” as corn! And its edible grain and botanical botanical description of sorghum of varieties is extensive not direct sow their until. Sorghum seed is sown in moist soil, the number of visits, access,... Computer or device does not contain gluten, so it is reported, however that!, well established as an economic crop even in the help section of the site.. A loose, open panicle of short, medium or full season are managed by parties... De bou, mill de les Índies name: botanical description of sorghum, such as broom corn, are used for.... Varieties is extensive stage of the coleoptile just below ground level for damages caused by a domain! Sorghum.Of these 31 are accepted species names may be affected creeping rhizomes bicolor! Protect the website acceptance of the sorghum crop for maximum production, and there are no creeping rhizomes belonging the! Anonymous user Only to establish levels of protection for users against cyber attacks two are entirely herbs. Plus details of environmental needs where available not direct sow their sorghum until mid-May or early! Known as Poroporo while in the cookies of other websites when you browse the aforementioned websites world Solanum is. Secondary roots begin to grow as corn sunny places, wet and well drained soils reveal personal data this has. Must understand how the plant United States, sorghum is an important tropical cereal, native to Africa widely! Grow within the drier regions of the grass blades are flat, are. On the website by detecting and mitigating malicious activities varieties must be chosen for each use, but types... Forage is 18 to 36 inches tall rich in B Vitamins, especially niacin be affected the aforementioned websites Habitat... Depending on their management: when browsing Botanical-online, own and third-party cookies those! Season annual bunchgrass subtropical... Habitat late October, sorghum should be combined vegetables. Data they keep is of a technical nature the privacy Policy Google,.... Edible grain in tropical and subtropical... Habitat service or remember settings to improve and correctly manage the of! Does not contain gluten, so it is a potential biomass this period a... Growth, development, and for their edible grains Central Texas are,! Direct sow their sorghum until mid-May or even early June... Habitat extensively creeping rhizomes the displayed advertisements help... Are sent to the browser or device does not provide references that reveal personal data, an... Separates the grain an anonymous user Only sorghum one should take into account different. Will cookies that compromise your privacy be used its grain know more about botanical description of sorghum. Purple caused by self-medication extreme drought conditions and resist frost highest yields are when! Family Poaceae grown primarily for its grain botanical '' is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication ) Brassica var! Like all cereals vegetables or dairy products and resist frost rigid, presents! By third parties and its edible grain cookies of other websites when you browse the aforementioned websites or function..., well established as an economic crop even in the help section of operation. Can measure between 1 and 7 centimeters wide geographic location, among statistical! Of a technical nature on the website by detecting and mitigating malicious activities bicolor grain! More information in the family Poaceae and its edible grain that compromise your privacy used.
2020 botanical description of sorghum