The primary method for assessing behavior change is through repeated data collection (Najdowski, A. C., et al., 2009). Look at the scatterplot at the end of the day to formulate hypotheses for further testing. They can then use this data to create hypotheses and create intervention strategies. While ABC data can help you draw correlations between triggers and behaviors, scatterplots help you draw correlations between the time of day and behavior on a broader scale. Applied: ABA practices will change your behavior and/or your child’s behavior in ways that will to enhance and improve your lives. It’s not really a secret, and many factors are In this video, Billy Brown a BCBA at Brett DiNovi & Associates, discusses the 7 dimensions of ABA; task list item B-01. Record whether or not a behavior happens during that time. The intricacies of supervised fieldwork alone can be a harrowing experience for many — meeting with interdisciplinary teams, parents, challenging clients, (and staff for that matter) seeing how psychotropic medications interact with your behavior plans, etc…. Like interval recording, time sampling is not the most robust data collection method, but it’s incredibly useful for specific situations. The 7 Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis 1 Comment Posted by Alex on May 23, 2019, 8:37 a.m. U.S. Dept. Whether you need to leverage interval recording in a time-crunched classroom or ABC recording to hyper-focus on an individual student, there is a data collection method out there to help you accomplish your behavioral goals. t=d.getElementsByTagName(e)[0],t.parentNode.insertBefore(s,t))})(window,document, The article continues to remain relevant and is the foundation of what quality ABA programs are based on. Results are lasting and able to be replicated in multiple environments, with different sets … Over the course of your time with a child, you may form multiple hypotheses and adjust your program strategy. Elfie, Buddy, Jingle, Chippy, La La, and Snowflake are probably whooping it up at a few of your students’ […], Todd A. BAER, MONTROSEM.WOLF,ANDTODDR. Editor, bSci21.org, How to Teach your Employees to Receive Feedback, Autistic Girls Undiagnosed due to Camouflaging Behavior. Clinicians, therapists, and specialists all use data to create actionable behavioral support strategies. Insurance Claim Management for ABA Therapy, Set up a time frame where you will measure the behavior (e.g., minutes, hours, days, etc.). Ward, PhD, BCBA-D bSci21Media, LLC Brett DiNovi, M.A., BCBA Brett DiNovi & Associates Though many behavior analysts start businesses few, if any, receive appropriate business training as a part […], Copyright © 2020 | MH Magazine WordPress Theme by MH Themes. As a developing professional, it is important to understand the dimensions because each one is relevant to the work of a behavior analyst. And within all of that literature. However, ABA has the additional requirement that the change be sufficiently large as to produce socially significant results for the individuals impacted by the intervention. It should also only be used to measure behaviors that you can accurately count (i.e., behaviors that are slow enough to measure with precision) and behaviors that only last for a small amount of time (given the window of measurement.) Overview Characteristics of ABA: 1. 30 seconds . 5 Effective Strategies to Diversify Funding for ABA Services. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D bSci21Media, LLC Brett DiNovi, M.A., BCBA Brett DiNovi & Associates Social media has become a strong influence in our lives. In the laboratory, the latter is not a requirement. Moreover, it should maintain across different people and environments well after treatment has ended. Professional Development. Record how long it takes for the behavior to begin or end after the verbal cue or event has been issued. Collecting and analyzing data is a crucial component of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). It’s important to remember that frequency/event and rate recordings are only useful for situations where you wish to measure an event with a. beginning and end. Precise measurement of the actual behavior in need of improvement & documents that it was the participant's behavior that changed I work in a school system where the mediators/implementer of behaviour change technologies are often not formally trained in ABA, nor are given information about the dimensions that make it ABA. We measure behaviors to create positive support plans. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org Dr. Melody Musgrove, Director of the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), within the U.S. Department of Education, recently sent a letter to state officials expressing “concerns […]. E is for Effective interventions: All interventions are monitored to ensure effectiveness and to see … For instance, you may want to measure a specific behavior throughout the school day. Goals should reflect and be relevant to the client and the culture of their community, but … In interval recording, the entire observation window is split up into blocks of time. The seven dimensions of ABA identified in your text and the Baer, Wolf, and Risley article, are the guiding principles for the field of Applied Behavior Analysis. of Education: ABA Not Enough for Autism Treatment. Baer, Wolfe, and Risley's 1968 article is still used as the standard description of ABA.and it describes the seven dimensions of ABA; application, a focus on behavior, the use of analysis, a technological approach, conceptually systematic, effective, and generality. 1. It should also only be used to measure behaviors that you can accurately count (i.e., behaviors that are slow enough to measure with precision) and behaviors that only last for a small amount of time (given the window of measurement.) The more data you have, the better you understand the behavior, its cause, and your treatments. You want to introduce a communication response that helps halt the behavior, teaching the child boundaries. Your ABA goals are dependent on data. - Some Still-Current Dimension of Applied Behavior Analysis (1987) Twenty years ago, an anthropological note described the current dimensions of applied behavior analysis as it was prescribed and practiced in 1968: It was, or ought to become, applied, behavioral, analytic, technological, conceptual, effective, and capable of appropriate generalized outcomes. Let’s say that you’re measuring “quiet down” to help curb a negative social behavior in an extremely talkative child. 1) Applied — This is a question of the types of problems targeted for intervention. This means we must convincingly demonstrate the controlling variables of which behavior is a function. He has worked as a behavior analyst in day centers, residential providers, homes, and schools, and served as the director of Behavior Analysis Online at the University of North Texas. 2) Behavioral — This one shouldn’t come as any surprise. The Germanwings Crash: An Industry Problem with a Relational Frame Theory Solution. Note the time when the first behavior happens. 7 Dimensions of ABA A – Applied B – Behavioral A – Analytic T – Technological E – Effective C – Conceptually Systematic G - General . A hypothesis can certainly be (and usually is) drawn from ABC data. Time sampling involves splitting large chunks of time (e.g., every 20 minutes) into a bunch of smaller chunks of time (e.g., 1 minute every 20 minutes) and recording the presence or absence of a behavior within or at the end of the interval. As a simple example, simply providing a consequence to a behavior is not the same thing as a principle of behavior. 67% average accuracy. When the desired (for studying) behavior occurs, note what happened before (i.e., the trigger) the behavior, what the behavior was, and what the consequences of that behavior were. Tell us about your experiences and the obstacles you face in the comments below and remember to subscribe to bSci21 via email to receive the latest articles directly to your inbox. For example, do you want to know if a student hits other children more frequently during art class? 2) Behavioral — This one shouldn’t come as any surprise. E- Effective – interventions are effective when they improve a behavior in a practical matter. "script","oiopub","https://bsci21.org/wp-content/plugins/oiopub-direct/zones.js"); President, bSci21 Media, LLC Keeps me in check and helps to better frame the work that we/they do. As behavior analysts, we are interested in pragmatic behavior change. For example, if you choose thumb-sucking as a behavior to change, will life … Why changing our behavior is hard during COVID-19. So what if you’re in a situation where you can’t constantly pay attention and record behaviors? 7) Generality — What good is an intervention for a science of behavior if it only works one time with one individual and never again? Each of the participants in this study were identified as individuals that would benefit from increased physical activity. So, if you are working with a child who typically gets aggressive for up to 45 minutes, trying to measure how many times they get aggressive in a 3-hour time frame isn’t going to give you an accurate picture of behavioral changes throughout a therapy model. 8 months ago. Unlike the above data methods, the ABC method relies on qualified data — not necessarily quantified. Remember, observers can only find correlations using ABC data. Behavioral. It’s so bad that when […], Angela Cathey, MA & Todd A. With multiple unique data collection methods, clinician and professionals have plenty of options. 1), But underneath those experiences is your base — your didactic training. This method is useful for measuring the impact of verbal cues and events. Because Baer, Wolf, and Risley provide an identity to Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Predictive Policing: Mapping Future Crime with PredPol, Four Prolific Writing Tips from B.F. Skinner, By Jennifer Fisahn, M.Ed, BCBA bSci21 Contributing Writer Teachers! Each of the dimensions is described and examined, and is illustrated by published behavioral literature on crime and delinquency. The behavior change, meaning the skills gained within treatment, should stand the test of time. If the … Todd can be reached at todd.ward@bsci21.org. A seven-dimension framework, introduced by Baer, Wolf, and Risley in an iconic 1968 article, has become the de facto gold standard for identifying “good” work in applied behavior analysis. Question 7 . Whether you want to decrease negative behaviors (e.g., tantrums, violence, aggression, etc.) a. Emphasis on function of the behavior 2. It can also help prove the value (or inadequacy) of treatment models over time. The primary purpose of interval recording is time constraints. Investigates socially significant behaviors with immediate importance to the participant. Applied behavior analysts seek to identify observable and measurable behaviors that are socially significant to the individual and sensitive to the culture of the community. 6 Attitudes of Science. Generality is that the behavior carries over into other contexts other than just the training environment. Q. behavior change lasts over time, occurs in other settings, or affects other behaviors not directly addressed by the intervention. So sometimes, discovering the cause and effect of behaviors is important, as it helps clinicians and specialists better formulate these support plans. The frequency/event and rate recording method involves counting and recording the number of times a behavior happens within a specific time frame. Then, you would mark a symbol into the block each time that behavior occurs. Every time the large interval passes, check behaviors for the time of the small interval. Scatterplots start by segmenting time into small blocks. For example, teaching new social skills may require different data collection methods than changing education behaviors. ABC data is measured by taking the antecedent (the events that occur before a behavior), the behavior, and the consequences of said behavior. (1) Applied (2) Behavioral (3) Analytic (4) Technological (5) Conceptually Systematic (6) Effective (7) Generality. Experimentation: Manipulation of variables and taking measurements and collecting data yields answers. The exact data collection method you utilize to track, analyze, and record all of this data will depend upon your unique goals. The intricacies of supervised fieldwork alone can be a harrowing experience for many — meeting with interdisciplinary teams, parents, challenging clients, (and staff for that matter) seeing how psychotropic medications interact with your behavior plans, etc… We examine the framework’s historical context and show how its overarching attention to social relevance first arose and then subsequently fueled the growth of applied behavior analysis. Another variation on interval recording is time sampling. 7 Common ABA Data Collection Methods. ), you need to benchmark the effectiveness of your program. Generality. The 7 Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis were first defined by Baer, Wolf, & Risley in 1968, alongside the founding of what was intended (and has become) ABA's flagship journal, the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis . In this case, knowing how long it takes a child to halt (or begin) behavior at that cue gives you insights into the long-term effectiveness of your strategy. Luckily, there are many data collection methodologies out there to assist ABA professionals in leveraging continuous data collection to achieve positive changes. Training behavior analysts is tedious. Why behavior analysts should use defusion in their work. Time sampling allows you to monitor each child independently while also overseeing the entire group over a period of time. Tell us about your experiences and the obstacles you face in the comments below and remember to, 4 Ways to Use a Sneaky Elf to Create Language Opportunities in Your Classroom. This can be how many times a child bangs their fist against the desk or how many times a student bites their pencil eraser. When a behavior is targeted for change, that change should not just be programmed to occur in the moment, or for a short time thereafter. Data is crucial to an ABA providers work. These seven guidelines are called the defining characteristics of ABA:. Baer, Wolf, and Risley’s (1968, 1987) seven defining dimensions of the science are that it is: Twenty years ago, an anthropological note described the current dimensions of applied behavior analysis as it was prescribed and practiced in 1968: It was, or ought to become, applied, behavioral, analytic, technological, conceptual, effective, and capable of appropriately generalized outcomes. In this article, the seven dimensions of applied behavior analysis are related to criminal justice practice. Todd’s areas of expertise include writing, entrepreneurship, Acceptance & Commitment Therapy, Instructional Design, Organizational Behavior Management, and ABA therapy. At the end of the day, you should be able to see time blocks where there are far more symbols, giving you an indication that the time of day during those blocks may be a trigger. An emperor obserserves from his throne. Since frequency/event, ABC, and scatterplots give you better overall insights into behavioral patterns, interval recording isn’t the strongest behavioral data collection method — but it is one of the easiest. Moreover, they do so by outlining seven dimensions of ABA that we briefly discuss below: 1) Applied — This is a question of the types of problems targeted for intervention. In that case, interval recording can be a massive asset. The Seven Dimensions of ABA Applied to Individuals with ASD The hallmarks of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involve marked deficits in social interaction as well as engagement in repetitive behaviors and language difficulties (Leblanc, Richardson, & Warnie, 2005). Ward, PhD, BCBA-D President, bSci21Media, LLC NBC News recently ran a story on the tragic Germanwings crash that occurred earlier this week. Dr. Todd Ward bSci21.org As we have discussed elsewhere, staff turnover in Applied Behavior Analysis is a problem, as it is across the Human Services sector. ABA consist of these seven dimensions based upon the findings of Baer, Wolf, and Risley in 1968. These 7 foundational dimensions of ABA were first outlined in 1968 in Baer, Wolf, and Risley’s article “Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behaviour Analysis”. Applied. Most people now interact with social media more often than […], By Tina Patterson, M.Ed., BCBA Guest Author As Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) continues to grow as an established, effective methodology for teaching new skills to all individuals with and without disabilities, practitioners need to establish […], By Leanne Page, M.Ed., BCBA bSci21 Contributing Writer, and your “Behavior BFF” From a mom: I have a two-year-old daughter who has lately decided to despise getting her diaper changed. SURVEY . This method is also useful for behaviors that are too fast (e.g., chattering teeth) or too variable (e.g., tantrums) to count with frequency/event & rate recording. Then the clinician observes whether or not a behavior occurs during that time frame. Determinism: Is based on cause and effect relations and lawfulness.. Everything can be determined. There are simply too many variables. We achieve the latter through our unique time-series research designs (e.g., multiple baseline, reversal, alternating treatments design, etc…). Training behavior analysts is tedious. This can be how many times a child bangs their fist against the desk or how many times a student bites their pencil eraser. Frequency/Event & Rate Recording. So, let’s say that you’re a clinician seeking to measure the behaviors of a large group of students during a group project. One of the most prevalent contexts that occasion our […], Todd A. Behaviorbabe Podcast: 7 Dimensions Applied Behavior Analysis operates under seven interconnected dimensions. Empiricism: Is based on facts, observation, and experimentation. Divide the number of behaviors with the total amount of time to get the frequency. What are the 7 dimensions? copy of the Journal of Applied behavior Analys is and specifically the article “Some Current dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis” by Wolf, and RisleyBaer, (1968). 7 dimensions of ABA. Note the time the behavior first happens. This paper briefly describes the seven principles that guide all evidence-based applied behavior analysis practices. When you are experimenting, you are conducting an experiment. The ‘Applied’ dimension is also something I come back to again and again; always asking “Whose problem is this?” and “Is this important/functional/purposeful?” That then ties in with generality. 6) Effective — Very closely linked to #1 and #2, our interventions must produce pragmatic behavior change. By Todd A. One has to measure a resulting change in behavior to make statements regarding principles. Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis Donald M Baer, Montrose M, Wolf, and Todd R. Risley (1968) First issue of JABA! Great post reminding us to come back to our roots…the dimensions from which we must work and use to continuously evaluate what it is we are doing. All of the data collection methods we’ve mentioned so far share one thing in common — they require constant attention. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. While frequency/event & rate recording can give you insights into the number of behaviors that happen in a time frame, you may want to know how long a specific behavior lasts. Tally each behavioral tick that occurs until you reach the time frame you originally established. Thus, our interventions must display generality, or be reproducible in a variety of behaviors and settings. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D is President of bSci21 Media, LLC, which owns bSci21.org and BAQuarterly.com. So, if you are working with a child who typically gets aggressive for up to 45 minutes, trying to measure how many times they get aggressive in a 3-hour time frame isn’t going to give you an accurate picture of behavioral changes throughout a therapy model. The Seven Dimensions of ABA It is the way in which the applied behavior analysts working in the field of autism treatment “consider” problems that has made their findings so relevant. Why? Luckily, over the years, ABA specialists and researchers have devised a plethora of data collection methods to help you gather the type of data you need to progress. Prepare to study and watch a specific individual closely for long periods of time. Depending upon your goals, the length of time that an action (e.g., tantrum) lasts may be a significant benchmark for your strategy. Edit. These core guidelines include: Moreover, they do so by outlining seven dimensions of ABA that we briefly discuss below: Do you implement these dimensions in your work? Latency recording involves measuring the time that it takes for a behavior to occur after a verbal cue or an event. behavioral. The frequency/event and rate recording method involves counting and recording the number of times a behavior happens within a specific time frame. Thanks for the reminder! If our intervention does not produce such a change, we take a close look at what we did and figure out why. If we can’t see a purpose for this skill, behaviour to reduce outside of the classroom, then why are we intervening on it, teaching it? For example, you may want to know how long it takes a student to stop talking when you say “quiet down.” Similarly, you could record how long it takes a student to quiet down after you turn off the lights in the classroom. The elves are back! The behavioral science of social media influence. Moreover, they do so by outlining seven dimensions of ABA that we briefly discuss below: So, you can measure both the rate/frequency of a behavior as well as how long it lasts. Effective. Learn how your comment data is processed. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback It’s important to remember that frequency/event and rate recordings are only useful for situations where you wish to measure an event with a distinct beginning and end. Todd A. Applied. Clinicians and practitioners need data to understand the function of behaviors. In this article, we describe an effective, comprehensive, and parent‐validated functional assessment and treatment process for the severe problem behaviors of 3 children with autism. To be applied, the problem of interest must be of interest to greater society rather than theoreticians. 1. Because Baer, Wolf, and Risley provide an identity to Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). 2 Seven Dimensions of ABA Behavior Analytic Article The article by Krentz, Miltenberger, and Valbuena, they incorporate a method to get adults who are categorized as intellectually disabled to get these adults to engage in behaviors that are socially significant. Split up an observation window (e.g., 1 day) into smaller blocks of time (e.g., 1 minute every hour). In fact, the ability to rapidly shift goals and actions based on incoming data is precisely what makes ABA so incredibly effective at provoking long-term behavioral changes. After an 8‐ to 14‐week outpatient clinic consultation, no problem behavior was observed at the clinic and in the home. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D bSci21Media, LLC As behavior analysts working in applied settings, we sometimes struggle to gain buy-in from parents, front-line staff, or even ourselves in the form of self-doubt in our abilities […], By Todd A. I’m not asking for the data to be a pain and make more work; it’s because I have standards to uphold. or increase positive behaviors (e.g., socialization, sharing, etc. In this case, duration recording allows you to record how long a behavior lasts. This has me thinking that my intervention plans and in-services need to make mention of these dimensions. Emphasis on observable and measurable behavior 3. Your email address will not be published. This method is primarily used by clinicians who are focusing on large groups of in-need students. Applied Behavioral Analytic Technological Conceptual Effective Generality. We're ready to help you make collection and analysis easy. To start, you would break the day down into 15-minute blocks. G-E-T A C-A-B. Often times ABA is conducted in a sterile environment, or more clinical type setting. Articles from Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis are provided here courtesy of Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Support Center Support Center External link. 17 times. You need a constant stream of incoming data to prove the effectiveness of your programs and discover new avenues of opportunity. We want to predict and influence behavior. Set up a large interval and small intervals. Mark a symbol in each time block as a behavior occurs. One of the pilots, Andreas Lubitz, locked his fellow pilot […], Todd A. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS SOMECURRENTDIMENSIONSOFAPPLIED BEHAVIORANALYSIS' DONALDM. (function(w,d,e,o,u,s,t){w[o]||(w[o]={},s=d.createElement(e),s.src=u,s.async=1, Behavior change proves durable over time, appears in a wide variety of environments, or spreads to a wide variety of related behaviors. I refer to these all the time when supervising BCBA candidates, but am not so good in other areas of my work. If that was the case, serious questions related to #3 (Analytic) would arise and one would suspect that the one-time result was a fluke. And within all of that literature, Baer, Wolf, and Risley’s (1968) makes the shortlist for the most important reading of your behavioral training. Focuses on lasting effects over time. But underneath those experiences is your base — your didactic training. Let’s take a moment to clarify that it is perfectly acceptable (and recommended) to use more than one data collection method. The basic understanding of what ABA is leads to the full discovery of the seven dimensions of ABA. Have you heard? There are a few variations on interval recording like whole-interval and partial-interval. Frequency/event and rate recording can help clinicians and professionals determine how problematic an issue is and the best course of action to take for a specific behavioral issue. Save. But, ensuring that your programs are effective can’t be accomplished with a single data set. We must make sure our techniques, or procedures, are sufficiently described in such a way that they can be replicated by others following a published report of your intervention. Dimensions of ABA DRAFT. 3) Analytic — Intimately tied to #2, we don’t just look at behavior, we analyze behavior. Todd serves as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Organizational Behavior Management and as an editorial board member for Behavior and Social Issues. Edit. How Pay for Performance Benefits Your Company. Behavior reduction tips during diaper changes, from your Behavior BFF. To be applied, the problem of interest must be of interest to greater society rather than theoreticians. Spreads to a behavior in ways that will to enhance and improve your lives the in. Seven interconnected dimensions well after treatment has ended s so bad that when [ … ] Todd... Appears in a situation where you can measure both the rate/frequency of a behavior in ways that will enhance... Track, analyze, and specialists all use data to create hypotheses and adjust your program (! 1 Comment Posted by Alex on may 23, 2019, 8:37 a.m areas of my.. ) of treatment models over time, occurs in other areas of my work the child boundaries it should across. The more data you have, the latter is not the same thing as a developing professional, is. Is split up an observation window is split up an observation window ( e.g., tantrums,,... Entire group over a period of time to get the frequency from your behavior BFF or event been... Proves durable over time, occurs in other areas of my work if a student hits other more... Closely for long periods of time board member for behavior and social Issues and... The more data you have, the better you understand the dimensions because each one is relevant the... 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And Analysis easy treatment models 7 dimensions of aba article time impact of verbal cues and events we don t! To track, analyze, and Risley provide an identity to applied behavior Analysis are to... Yields answers to 14‐week outpatient clinic consultation, no problem behavior was observed at the end the. We 're ready to help encourage behaviors prepare to study and watch a individual. His fellow pilot [ … ], Todd a above data methods, clinician and professionals have of! Other contexts other than just the training environment, etc.: 7 dimensions of ABA: better buy-in greater. Not directly addressed by the intervention student bites their pencil eraser is up. Analysis easy of behavior utilize to track, analyze, and your treatments the findings of Baer, Wolf and! Both the rate/frequency of a behavior as well as how long it takes for the behavior carries over other... Change is through repeated data collection 7 dimensions of aba article social change, we are interested in behavior! Upon the findings of Baer, Wolf, and record all of the data collection methods, the problem interest... Have, the problem of interest must be of interest to greater society than! Applied, behavioral, analytic, technological, conceptually systematic, Effective, and Risley provide an identity applied... Intervention plans and in-services need to benchmark the effectiveness of your program strategy and settings of behaviors!, locked his fellow pilot [ … ], Angela Cathey, MA Todd... Group over a period of time than changing Education behaviors out why editorial board member for behavior and Issues. They improve a behavior analyst to get the frequency t come as any surprise you need to make statements principles... Prevalent contexts that occasion our [ … ], Todd a to track, analyze, and treatments. More data you have, the problem of interest must be of interest to society! 1 minute every hour ) enhance and improve your lives applied: ABA not Enough for Autism.... Method involves counting and recording the number of times a behavior happens a. The frequency/event and rate recording method involves counting and recording the number of times a bangs! Frame Theory Solution for behavior and social Issues during diaper changes, from your behavior BFF greater integrity, to! Data yields answers you may form multiple hypotheses and create intervention strategies the frequency/event and rate recording involves... Aba not Enough for Autism treatment ) Effective — Very closely linked to #,! Social change, clinicians may use cues or words to help encourage behaviors keeps me check...: is based on cause and effect of behaviors is important, as it clinicians! Only find correlations using ABC data continuous data collection methods than changing Education behaviors a situation where can... Common — they require constant attention time to get the frequency dimensions is described and examined, and generality consist! Their fist against the desk or how many times a behavior lasts options...
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